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Review
. 2015 Nov;292(5):1003-11.
doi: 10.1007/s00404-015-3727-9. Epub 2015 May 13.

Efficacy and Safety of Uterine Manipulators in Laparoscopic Surgery: A Review

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Review

Efficacy and Safety of Uterine Manipulators in Laparoscopic Surgery: A Review

L van den Haak et al. Arch Gynecol Obstet. .

Abstract

Purpose: This review aims to objectively assess the efficacy and safety of uterine manipulators as reported in scientific literature. Furthermore, it evaluates as to which manipulator best suits which surgical procedure.

Methods: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, COCHRANE, CINAHL, Academic Search Premier, Science Direct and the MAUDE database were searched. Technical information was retrieved from the manufacturers.

Results: 25 articles covering 10 uterine manipulators were found. Studies regarding implementation and use of manipulators are scarce; only two surveys were found comparing different manipulators. Moreover, clinical evidence proving the efficacy of manipulators with respect to prevention of complications, inherent to laparoscopic surgery, does not exist.

Conclusion: The use of uterine manipulators is well established and it is clear that uterine manipulators offer the easiest way to handle the uterus during surgery. However, detailed information regarding efficacy and safety is scarce. Clinical evidence substantiating the assumed mechanism of prevention of ureter injuries was not found. Our review did not find the optimal manipulator. Some are more versatile than others and not all instruments are appropriate for all types of surgery. Therefore, gynecologists should choose the manipulator that best suits the type of surgery that is performed.

Keywords: Hysterectomy; Laparoscopy; Review; Uterine manipulator.

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