Clinical Immunogenicity of rHuPH20, a Hyaluronidase Enabling Subcutaneous Drug Administration

AAPS J. 2015 Sep;17(5):1144-56. doi: 10.1208/s12248-015-9782-0. Epub 2015 May 13.


Recombinant human PH20 hyaluronidase (rHuPH20) is used to facilitate dispersion of subcutaneously delivered fluids and drugs. This report summarizes rHuPH20 immunogenicity findings from clinical trials where rHuPH20 was co-administered with SC human immunoglobulin, trastuzumab, rituximab, or insulin. Plasma samples were obtained from evaluable subjects participating in ten different clinical trials as well as from healthy plasma donors. A bridging immunoassay and a modified hyaluronidase activity assay were used to determine rHuPH20-reactive antibody titers and neutralizing antibodies, respectively. rHuPH20-binding antibody populations from selected subjects with positive titers were affinity-purified and subjected to further characterization such as cross-reactivity with endogenous PH20. Among individual trials, the prevalence of pre-existing rHuPH20-reactive antibodies varied between 3 and 12%, excepting the primary immunodeficiency (PID) studies. Incidence of treatment-induced rHuPH20 antibodies was 2 to 18%, with the highest titers (81,920) observed in PID. No neutralizing antibodies were observed. Within most trials, the kinetics of antibody responses were comparable between pre-existing and treatment-induced antibody responses, although responses classified as persistent were more common in subjects with pre-existing titers. There was no association between antibody positivity and either local or systemic adverse events. Pre-existing and treatment-induced antibody populations were of similar immunoglobulin isotypes and cross-reacted to endogenous PH20 to similar extents. No cross-reactivity to PH20 paralogs was detected. rHuPH20 induces only modest immunogenicity which has no association with adverse events. In addition, antibodies purified from baseline-positive individuals are qualitatively similar to those purified from individuals developing rHuPH20-reactive antibodies following exposure to the enzyme.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies / blood*
  • Antibodies, Neutralizing / blood*
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Humans
  • Hyaluronoglucosaminidase / administration & dosage*
  • Hyaluronoglucosaminidase / immunology
  • Injections, Subcutaneous
  • Insulin / administration & dosage
  • Recombinant Proteins / administration & dosage*
  • Recombinant Proteins / immunology
  • Rituximab / administration & dosage
  • Trastuzumab / administration & dosage


  • Antibodies
  • Antibodies, Neutralizing
  • Insulin
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Rituximab
  • Hyaluronoglucosaminidase
  • Trastuzumab