Effects of 6 Weeks of Balance Training on Chronic Ankle Instability in Athletes: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Int J Sports Med. 2015 Aug;36(9):754-60. doi: 10.1055/s-0034-1398645. Epub 2015 May 13.

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to determine the effectiveness of a 6-week balance training program on patients with Chronic Ankle Instability (CAI) in relation to the results obtained in Dynamic Balance, subjective feeling of instability and pain using a single-blind randomized controlled trial. 70 athletes were randomly assigned to control or intervention group. The control group performed their usual training, and the intervention group was administered the same usual activity in addition to a balance program. The paired t-test was performed to evaluate the change scores in each group. The t-test for independent samples was performed to evaluate between-group differences in change scores. Significance level was assigned for p-values less than 0.05 for all analyses. There were significant differences between groups in change scores in CAIT and all of the SEBTs reach distances (p<0.001) but not in Pain (p=0.586). The effect sizes were larger for the outcomes measures that showed significant differences. In the within-group change, the experimental groups showed larger effect sizes in CAIT, SEBT posteromedial and SEBT posterolateral, and moderate effect sizes in SEBT anterior. Exercise therapy training based on multi-station balance tasks led to significant improvements in dynamic balance and self-reported sensation of instability in patients with CAI.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Ankle Injuries / complications*
  • Ankle Injuries / therapy
  • Ankle Joint / physiopathology*
  • Athletic Injuries / complications*
  • Athletic Injuries / therapy
  • Exercise Therapy / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Joint Instability / diagnosis
  • Joint Instability / physiopathology
  • Joint Instability / therapy*
  • Male
  • Postural Balance*
  • Range of Motion, Articular
  • Single-Blind Method
  • Sprains and Strains / complications*
  • Sprains and Strains / therapy
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Time Factors
  • Young Adult