Ligands of the transmembrane protein TSPO are used for imaging of brain inflammation, but a common polymorphism in TSPO complicates their application to humans. Here we determined the three-dimensional structure and side-chain dynamics of the A147T polymorph of mammalian TSPO in complex with the first-generation ligand PK11195. We show that A147T TSPO is able to retain the same structural and dynamic profile as the wild-type protein and thus binds PK11195 with comparable affinity. Our study is important for the design of more potent diagnostic and therapeutic ligands of TSPO.
Keywords: NMR spectroscopy; dynamics; membrane proteins; polymorphism; protein structures.
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