Left ventricular function in patients with centrifugal left ventricular assist device

ASAIO Trans. Jul-Sep 1989;35(3):544-7. doi: 10.1097/00002480-198907000-00120.

Abstract

We used blood pool radionuclide angiography to study the left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) in 17 patients with a centrifugal assist device (AD) placed because of severe postoperative LV dysfunction. During maximal LVAD flow, the 12 patients who could be weaned had a higher LV-EF than the 5 who could not be weaned (18 +/- 12% vs. 9 +/- 2%, p = 0.04). Sequential studies during variable AD flows in 12 patients revealed an increase in LV-EF from 15 +/- 7% at maximal flows to 33 +/- 8% during minimal flows (p less than 0.005) in the 10 patients who could be weaned and no change in LV-EF in 2 patients who could not be weaned. The LV-EF during maximal LVAD flow rates was similar in the 10 patients with long-term survival (192 +/- 129 days) and in the 7 patients with only short-term (9 +/- 6 days) survival (LV-EF 17 +/- 12% vs. 12 +/- 6%, p = ns). The long-term survivors, however, had a substantial increase in LV-EF from 20 +/- 13% to 34 +/- 9% (p less than 0.01), as the LVAD flow was decreased from maximal to minimal, whereas the short-term survivors had an insignificant increase in LV-EF from 12 +/- 7% to 21 +/- 12% (p = ns). The long-term survivors increased the LV-EF from maximal to minimal LVAD flows by 182%, in contrast with the short-term survivors, who increased the LV-EF by only 44%.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Blood Flow Velocity / physiology
  • Cardiac Output / physiology
  • Coronary Artery Bypass*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Heart Failure / mortality
  • Heart Failure / physiopathology*
  • Heart Ventricles / physiopathology*
  • Heart-Assist Devices*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / physiopathology
  • Postoperative Complications / physiopathology*