A Japanese prospective multicenter study of self-expandable metal stent placement for malignant colorectal obstruction: short-term safety and efficacy within 7 days of stent procedure in 513 cases

Gastrointest Endosc. 2015 Oct;82(4):697-707.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.gie.2015.03.1978. Epub 2015 May 12.


Background: Endoscopic self-expandable metal stent placement has been used as an alternative to surgery for malignant colorectal obstruction; however, factors affecting its clinical outcome are unclear.

Objective: To clarify the short-term safety and efficacy of endoscopic self-expandable metal stent placement for malignant colorectal obstruction and to identify factors associated with its clinical and technical failure.

Design: Prospective clinical cohort study.

Setting: Fourteen academic centers and 32 community hospitals.

Patients: A total of 513 consecutive patients with malignant colorectal obstruction.

Intervention: Endoscopic self-expandable metal stent placement, sharing of stent placement methods among participating facilities.

Main outcome measurements: The primary endpoint was clinical success, defined as symptom and radiological finding resolution within 24 hours. Secondary endpoints were technical success and adverse events. The follow-up period was 7 days.

Results: The clinical and technical success rates were 95.5% and 97.9%, respectively. Major adverse events included perforation (2.1%), stent migration (1.0%), and stent occlusion (0.8%). The main causes of perforation were the procedure itself (0.8%) and comorbidities (obstructive colitis and impending perforation) not apparent before stent placement (0.6%). Extrinsic tumor origin was independently associated with the clinical failure after stent placement (odds ratio 4.23; 95% confidence interval, 1.21-14.79; P = .02). Stricture marking trended toward a negative association with technical failure (P = .09).

Limitations: Noncomparative study.

Conclusion: Strict inclusion criteria and stricture marking may improve the technical and clinical success of stent placement.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / complications*
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Intestinal Obstruction / etiology
  • Intestinal Obstruction / therapy*
  • Japan
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Self Expandable Metallic Stents*
  • Treatment Outcome