Training strategy of explosive strength in young female volleyball players

Medicina (Kaunas). 2015;51(2):126-31. doi: 10.1016/j.medici.2015.03.004. Epub 2015 Apr 1.


Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of an 8-week combined jump and ball throwing training program in the performance of upper and lower extremities among young female volleyball players of the high school.

Materials and methods: A total of 20 young female volleyball players playing at Scholar Sport in High School at the district level were divided in two groups: the experimental group (n=10; 14.0±0.0 years; 1.6±0.1 m; 52.0±7.0 kg and 20.7±2.4% body mass) and the control group (n=10; 13.8±0.4 years, 1.6±0.1 m; 53.5±4.7 kg and 20.3±1.7% body mass). The experimental group received additional plyometric and ball throwing exercises besides their normal volleyball practice. The control group underwent only their regular session of training.

Results: Strength performance in the experimental group significantly improved (medicine ball and volleyball ball throwing: P=0.00; and counter movement jump: P=0.05), with the improvement ranging from 5.3% to 20.1%. No significant changes in strength performance were observed in the control group (P>0.05).

Conclusions: The 8-week combined jump and ball throwing training can significantly improve muscular performance in young female volleyball players. These findings may be useful for all physical education teachers and volleyball coaches.

Keywords: Female; High school; Lower extremity; Upper extremity; Velocity training.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Athletic Performance / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lower Extremity / physiology
  • Muscle Strength*
  • Physical Education and Training / methods
  • Resistance Training / methods*
  • Volleyball / physiology*