Ames hypopituitary dwarf mice demonstrate imbalanced myelopoiesis between bone marrow and spleen

Blood Cells Mol Dis. 2015 Jun;55(1):15-20. doi: 10.1016/j.bcmd.2015.03.004. Epub 2015 Mar 28.


Ames hypopituitary dwarf mice are deficient in growth hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone, and prolactin. The phenotype of these mice demonstrates irregularities in the immune system with skewing of the normal cytokine milieu towards a more anti-inflammatory environment. However, the hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell composition of the bone marrow (BM) and spleen in Ames dwarf mice has not been well characterized. We found that there was a significant decrease in overall cell count when comparing the BM and spleen of 4-5 month old dwarf mice to their littermate controls. Upon adjusting counts to differences in body weight between the dwarf and control mice, the number of granulocyte-macrophage progenitors, confirmed by immunophenotyping and colony-formation assay was increased in the BM. In contrast, the numbers of all myeloid progenitor populations in the spleen were greatly reduced, as confirmed by colony-formation assays. This suggests that there is a shift of myelopoiesis from the spleen to the BM of Ames dwarf mice; however, this shift does not appear to involve erythropoiesis. The reasons for this unusual shift in spleen to marrow hematopoiesis in Ames dwarf mice are yet to be determined but may relate to the decreased hormone levels in these mice.

Keywords: Ames dwarf mice; Growth hormone; Hematopoietic progenitor cell; Prolactin; Thyroid-stimulating hormone.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bone Marrow / immunology
  • Bone Marrow / pathology*
  • Cell Count
  • Crosses, Genetic
  • Dwarfism / genetics
  • Dwarfism / immunology
  • Dwarfism / pathology*
  • Female
  • Femur / immunology
  • Femur / pathology
  • Gene Expression
  • Growth Hormone / deficiency
  • Growth Hormone / genetics
  • Growth Hormone / immunology
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells / immunology
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells / pathology
  • Hypopituitarism / genetics
  • Hypopituitarism / immunology
  • Hypopituitarism / pathology*
  • Immunophenotyping
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred NOD
  • Mice, SCID
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Myeloid Cells / immunology
  • Myeloid Cells / pathology*
  • Myelopoiesis / genetics
  • Myelopoiesis / immunology*
  • Prolactin / deficiency
  • Prolactin / genetics
  • Prolactin / immunology
  • Spleen / immunology
  • Spleen / pathology*
  • Thyrotropin / deficiency
  • Thyrotropin / genetics
  • Thyrotropin / immunology


  • Prolactin
  • Thyrotropin
  • Growth Hormone