Assessment of alcohol withdrawal: the revised clinical institute withdrawal assessment for alcohol scale (CIWA-Ar)

Br J Addict. 1989 Nov;84(11):1353-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.1989.tb00737.x.


A shortened 10-item scale for clinical quantitation of the severity of the alcohol withdrawal syndrome has been developed. This scale offers an increase in efficiency while at the same time retaining clinical usefulness, validity and reliability. It can be incorporated into the usual clinical care of patients undergoing alcohol withdrawal and into clinical drug trials of alcohol withdrawal.

MeSH terms

  • Alcohol Withdrawal Delirium / diagnosis*
  • Alcoholism / rehabilitation*
  • Ethanol / adverse effects*
  • Humans
  • Psychoses, Alcoholic / diagnosis*
  • Severity of Illness Index*
  • Substance Withdrawal Syndrome / diagnosis*


  • Ethanol