The translocon protein Sec61 mediates antigen transport from endosomes in the cytosol for cross-presentation to CD8(+) T cells

Immunity. 2015 May 19;42(5):850-63. doi: 10.1016/j.immuni.2015.04.008. Epub 2015 May 12.


The molecular mechanisms regulating antigen translocation into the cytosol for cross-presentation are under controversial debate, mainly because direct data is lacking. Here, we have provided direct evidence that the activity of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) translocon protein Sec61 is essential for endosome-to-cytosol translocation. We generated a Sec61-specific intrabody, a crucial tool that trapped Sec61 in the ER and prevented its recruitment into endosomes without influencing Sec61 activity and antigen presentation in the ER. Expression of this ER intrabody inhibited antigen translocation and cross-presentation, demonstrating that endosomal Sec61 indeed mediates antigen transport across endosomal membranes. Moreover, we showed that the recruitment of Sec61 toward endosomes, and hence antigen translocation and cross-presentation, is dependent on dendritic cell activation by Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands. These data shed light on a long-lasting question regarding antigen cross-presentation and point out a role of the ER-associated degradation machinery in compartments distinct from the ER.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antigens / immunology
  • Antigens / metabolism*
  • CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes*
  • Cell Line
  • Cross-Priming / immunology*
  • Cytosol / immunology
  • Cytosol / metabolism*
  • Endosomes / metabolism*
  • Membrane Proteins / chemistry
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Models, Biological*
  • Protein Transport
  • SEC Translocation Channels


  • Antigens
  • Membrane Proteins
  • SEC Translocation Channels