Increasing the accuracy of orbital reconstruction with selective laser-melted patient-specific implants combined with intraoperative navigation

J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2015 Jun;73(6):1113-8. doi: 10.1016/j.joms.2015.02.014. Epub 2015 Feb 25.


Purpose: Advances in technology have allowed increasing degrees of accuracy in the treatment of orbital deformities. The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy of pre-bent titanium mesh (PBTM) and selective laser-melted patient-specific implants (PSIs) in unilateral orbital reconstruction after traumatic injury. The authors hypothesized that selective laser-melted PSIs would more accurately reconstruct the orbit.

Materials and methods: A retrospective review of 34 cases of primary reconstruction of unilateral orbital fractures treated using selective laser-melted PSIs (group 1, n = 17) or PBTM (group 2, n = 17) was performed. The primary outcome measurements were orbital volume excess and the anterior, medial, and posterior intraorbital angles. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to assess the difference in orbital volume and angular deviation between the 2 groups. The level of statistical significance was set at .05. All P values were 2-sided.

Results: The comparison of mean values for the 2 groups showed significant differences for the anterior angle (PBTM: mean, 11.3; standard deviation [SD], 1.8; PSI: mean, 4.1; SD, 0.7; P = .001), but not the medial (PBTM: mean, 11.6; SD, 2.0; PSI: mean, 8.2; SD, 1.9; P = .170) and posterior (PBTM: mean, 10.8, SD, 2.8; PSI: mean, 8.2, SD, 1.4; P = .760) angles between the unaffected and reconstructed orbits. The postoperative difference in volume between the unaffected and reconstructed orbits differed significantly between the 2 study groups (PBTM: mean, 0.6; SD, 0.1; PSI: mean, 0.4; SD, 0.1; P = .029).

Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that complex orbital fractures can be reconstructed with an even higher degree of accuracy with selective laser-melted PSIs than with PBTM.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Biocompatible Materials / chemistry
  • Computer-Aided Design
  • Cone-Beam Computed Tomography / methods
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Fractures, Comminuted / surgery
  • Humans
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional / methods
  • Lasers*
  • Models, Anatomic
  • Orbit / pathology
  • Orbital Fractures / surgery*
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures / instrumentation
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures / methods*
  • Prostheses and Implants*
  • Prosthesis Design*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Surgery, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Surgical Mesh
  • Titanium / chemistry
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods
  • Treatment Outcome
  • User-Computer Interface


  • Biocompatible Materials
  • Titanium