Socioeconomic and psychological impact of treatment for unilateral intraocular retinoblastoma

J Fr Ophtalmol. 2015 Jun;38(6):550-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jfo.2015.03.003. Epub 2015 May 14.

Abstract

Purpose: To identify the socioeconomic and psychosocial impacts of clinical treatment decisions for advanced unilateral intraocular retinoblastoma.

Design: Retrospective observational case series.

Setting: institutional study at Alexandria Main University Hospital.

Study population: records of 66 unilateral retinoblastoma cases treated from May 2005 to May 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. Sixty cases were eligible (International Intraocular Retinoblastoma Classification [IIRC] group C, D or E).

Procedures: two treatment groups were compared: enucleation vs. salvage treatment. Salvage treatment eyes were further subdivided based on IIRC group. Six socioeconomic parameters (financial burden, financial impact, psychological, social, medical and tumor impacts) were scored. Parameter scores ranged from 0 to 3, for overall score range 0 (no adverse impact) to 18 (severe adverse impact).

Main outcome measures: derived Socioeconomic scores were correlated with treatment and outcomes.

Results: The enucleation group (28 eyes) had a median overall Socioeconomic score of 4/18, significantly lower than the salvage treatment group (32 eyes), median score 11/18 (P<0.01). Socioeconomic score varied with IIRC group. Attempted eye salvage failed in 25 children, due to uncontrolled tumor (44%) and socioeconomic impact of cumulative therapies (56%). Treatment duration and Socioeconomic score were higher for the 5 children in the salvage treatment group who developed metastatic disease compared to those without metastasis (P<0.01).

Conclusions: The socioeconomic and psychosocial impacts of attempted ocular salvage for unilateral intraocular retinoblastoma are severe, in comparison to primary enucleation. Primary enucleation is a good treatment for unilateral retinoblastoma.

Keywords: Cancer; Developing country; Enucleation; Le cancer; Pays en développement; Retinoblastoma; Rétinoblastome; Socioeconomic; Socioéconomique; Unilateral; Unilatérale; Énucléation.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Combined Modality Therapy / psychology
  • Cost of Illness
  • Disease Progression
  • Egypt
  • Eye Enucleation / psychology
  • Female
  • Hospitals, University
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Organ Preservation / psychology
  • Retinal Neoplasms / mortality
  • Retinal Neoplasms / pathology
  • Retinal Neoplasms / psychology*
  • Retinal Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Retinoblastoma / mortality
  • Retinoblastoma / pathology
  • Retinoblastoma / psychology*
  • Retinoblastoma / therapy*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Salvage Therapy / psychology
  • Social Adjustment*
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Survival Rate