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Randomized Controlled Trial
. 2016 Apr;55(3):1123-31.
doi: 10.1007/s00394-015-0926-x. Epub 2015 May 19.

The Effect of a Cinnamon-, Chromium- And Magnesium-Formulated Honey on Glycaemic Control, Weight Loss and Lipid Parameters in Type 2 Diabetes: An Open-Label Cross-Over Randomised Controlled Trial

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Randomized Controlled Trial

The Effect of a Cinnamon-, Chromium- And Magnesium-Formulated Honey on Glycaemic Control, Weight Loss and Lipid Parameters in Type 2 Diabetes: An Open-Label Cross-Over Randomised Controlled Trial

Patricia Whitfield et al. Eur J Nutr. .

Abstract

Purpose: This randomised controlled trial assessed the acute and long-term effects of daily supplementation of kanuka honey, formulated with cinnamon, chromium and magnesium on glucose metabolism, weight and lipid parameters in individuals with type 2 diabetes.

Methods: Twelve individuals with type 2 diabetes received 53.5 g of a formulated honey and a control (non-formulated) kanuka honey in a random order for 40 days, using cross-over design. Fasting glucose, insulin, HbA1c, lipids and anthropometric measures were measured at baseline and end of treatment. A meal tolerance test was performed at baseline to assess acute metabolic response.

Results: There was no statistically significant difference in acute glucose metabolism between treatment groups, as measured by the Matsuda index and AUC for glucose and insulin. After the 40-day intervention with honey, fasting glucose did not differ significantly between the two treatments (95 % CI -2.6 to 0.07). There was no statistically significant change in HbA1c or fasting insulin. There was a statistically significant reduction in total cholesterol by -0.29 mmol/L (95 % CI -0.57 to -0.23), LDL cholesterol by -0.29 mmol/L (95 % CI -0.57 to -0.23) and weight by -2.2 kg (95 % CI -4.2 to -0.1). There was a trend towards increased HDL and reduced systolic blood pressure in the intervention treatment.

Conclusion: The addition of cinnamon, chromium and magnesium supplementation to kanuka honey was not associated with a significant improvement in glucose metabolism or glycaemic control in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Use of the formulated honey was associated with a reduction in weight and improvements in lipid parameters, and should be investigated further.

Keywords: Chromium; Cinnamon; Diabetes; Honey; Lipids; Magnesium.

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