Influence of daily dosage and frequency of administration of rifampicin-levofloxacin therapy on tolerance and effectiveness in 154 patients treated for prosthetic joint infections

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2015 Aug;34(8):1675-82. doi: 10.1007/s10096-015-2404-z. Epub 2015 May 19.


Data on the tolerance and effectiveness of rifampicin-levofloxacin combination therapy (RLCT) in patients treated for prosthetic joint infections (PJIs) according to daily dosage are lacking. A review of the clinical data from patients treated with RLCT for PJIs in a French referent center for PJIs was conducted. A total of 154 patients (75 F/79 M), with a median age of 64.1 years and median body weight of 83.1 kg, were included. The median daily dosages of rifampicin and levofloxacin were, respectively, 1,200 mg (range 300-2,100) and 750 mg (range 500-1,500), corresponding to a mean daily dose per kg of, respectively, 16.2 ± 4.3 mg/kg and 10.1 ± 3.0 mg/kg. After a mean follow-up period of 55.6 ± 27.1 months (range 24-236), 127 patients (82.5 %) were in remission. Adverse events attributable to rifampicin and levofloxacin were reported in 48 (31.2 %) and 13 (8.4 %) patients (p < 0.001), respectively. Patients who experienced rifampicin-related adverse events had been given higher rifampicin daily doses than the other patients (p = 0.04). The rifampicin daily dosage did not influence patient outcome and nor did the levofloxacin daily dosage on both tolerance and patient outcome. Our results suggest that adjusting rifampicin daily doses to the patient total body weight when combined with levofloxacin for the treatment of PJIs is associated with a poor tolerance. High daily doses of rifampicin (>600 mg) and levofloxacin (750 mg) do not improve patient outcome when compared to lower daily doses in this setting.

Publication types

  • Clinical Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / adverse effects
  • Arthritis / drug therapy*
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • France
  • Humans
  • Levofloxacin / administration & dosage*
  • Levofloxacin / adverse effects
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Prosthesis-Related Infections / drug therapy*
  • Rifampin / administration & dosage*
  • Rifampin / adverse effects
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Levofloxacin
  • Rifampin