Pediatric hydrocephalus: systematic literature review and evidence-based guidelines. Part 1: Introduction and methodology

J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2014 Nov;14 Suppl 1:3-7. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.PEDS14321.


This clinical systematic review of and evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of pediatric hydrocephalus were developed by a physician volunteer task force. They are provided as an educational tool based on an assessment of current scientific and clinical information as well as accepted approaches to treatment. They are not intended to be a fixed protocol, because some patients may require more or less treatment. In Part 1, the authors introduce the reader to the complex topic of hydrocephalus and the lack of consensus on its appropriate treatment. The authors describe the development of the Pediatric Hydrocephalus Systematic Review and Evidence-Based Guidelines Task Force charged with reviewing the literature and recommending treatments for hydrocephalus, and they set out the basic methodology used throughout the specific topics covered in later chapters.

Keywords: AANS = American Association of Neurological Surgeons; CNS = Congress of Neurological Surgeons; JGC = Joint Guidelines Committee; hydrocephalus; practice guidelines; systematic evidence review.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Humans
  • Hydrocephalus*
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic*
  • Research Report / standards*
  • Review Literature as Topic*