National trends in IPPE programs at US schools of pharmacy from 2008-2013

Am J Pharm Educ. 2015 Apr 25;79(3):39. doi: 10.5688/ajpe79339.


Objective: To determine trends and challenges in introductory pharmacy practice experience (IPPE) programs from 2008-2013.

Methods: In 2013, a web-based survey was sent to IPPE program administrators at 107 fully accredited colleges and schools of pharmacy. The survey addressed administrative personnel, program structure, and quality assurance issues.

Results: Sixty-nine IPPE administrators responded to the survey (64.5% response rate). Within the past 5 years, 4 significant trends occurred in the area of administrative personnel, 7 trends in program structure, and 6 in quality assurance.

Conclusion: Clarifications of ACPE Standards through new guidelines and policy statements likely influence many of the 17 trends. Understaffed programs, competition for institutional sites, difficulty conducting site visits, preceptor training, program assessment, documentation maintenance, and individual site requirements are all challenges. The results of this study can be used as a stimulus to address ongoing issues and to enhance the quality of IPPE programs.

Keywords: Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education; Introductory pharmacy practice experience; experiential learning surveys; pharmacy experiential education; quality assurance.

MeSH terms

  • Accreditation
  • Clinical Clerkship / organization & administration*
  • Clinical Clerkship / standards
  • Education, Pharmacy / organization & administration*
  • Education, Pharmacy / standards
  • Guidelines as Topic
  • Humans
  • Problem-Based Learning
  • Schools, Pharmacy / organization & administration*
  • Schools, Pharmacy / standards