Objective: To evaluate the safety profile of blood sugar limits in intensive care unit (ICU) patients.
Methods: Adult patients with ICU stay >36 h, more than two blood sugar measurements and antibiotic therapy concordant with locally adapted guidelines were included. For analyses, one study cohort was defined in two ways: as a narrow group, euglycaemic patients' blood sugar levels 80-150 mg/dl; as a moderate group, euglycaemic patients' blood sugar levels 80-180 mg/dl. Dysglycaemia was defined as blood sugar levels <80 mg/dl for >5% of measurements, and >150 mg/dl or >180 mg/dl (narrow or moderate groups, respectively) for >10% of measurements. The primary endpoint was ICU mortality (euglycaemia versus dysglycaemia).
Results: The study comprised 668 patients. When defined as a narrow group, ICU mortality was 3% (four of 135) euglycaemic versus 10% (54/533) dysglycaemic patients (odds ratio [OR] 3.692, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.313, 10.382). When defined as a moderate group, ICU mortality was 6% (21/351) euglycaemic versus 12% (37/317) dysglycaemic patients (OR 2.077, 95% CI 1.188, 3.630). Frequency of severe hypoglycaemia (blood sugar <40 mg/dl) was not different between the narrow and moderate euglycaemic ranges.
Conclusions: Euglycaemia was associated with lower ICU mortality than dysglycaemia, and incidence of hypoglycaemia was low overall in this study. Based on current published evidence, therapeutic targets should be defined according to individual patient characteristics.
Keywords: Hyperglycaemia; hypoglycaemia; intensive care unit; mortality; standard operating procedures.
© The Author(s) 2015.