Modulation of LSD1 phosphorylation by CK2/WIP1 regulates RNF168-dependent 53BP1 recruitment in response to DNA damage

Nucleic Acids Res. 2015 Jul 13;43(12):5936-47. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkv528. Epub 2015 May 20.


Proper DNA damage response is essential for the maintenance of genome integrity. The E3 ligase RNF168 deficiency fully prevents both the initial recruitment and retention of 53BP1 at sites of DNA damage. In response to DNA damage, RNF168-dependent recruitment of the lysine-specific demethylase LSD1 to the site of DNA damage promotes local H3K4me2 demethylation and ubiquitination of H2A/H2AX, facilitating 53BP1 recruitment to sites of DNA damage. Alternatively, RNF168-mediated K63-linked ubiquitylation of 53BP1 is required for the initial recruitment of 53BP1 to sites of DNA damage and for its function in repair. We demonstrated here that phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of LSD1 at S131 and S137 was mediated by casein kinase 2 (CK2) and wild-type p53-induced phosphatase 1 (WIP1), respectively. LSD1, RNF168 and 53BP1 interacted with each other directly. CK2-mediated phosphorylation of LSD1 exhibited no impact on its interaction with 53BP1, but promoted its interaction with RNF168 and RNF168-dependent 53BP1 ubiquitination and subsequent recruitment to the DNA damage sites. Furthermore, overexpression of phosphorylation-defective mutants failed to restore LSD1 depletion-induced cellular sensitivity to DNA damage. Taken together, our results suggest that LSD1 phosphorylation modulated by CK2/WIP1 regulates RNF168-dependent 53BP1 recruitment directly in response to DNA damage and cellular sensitivity to DNA damaging agents.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Casein Kinase II / metabolism*
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Cell Survival
  • DNA Damage*
  • Histone Demethylases / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / metabolism*
  • Phosphoprotein Phosphatases / metabolism*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Phosphatase 2C
  • Tumor Suppressor p53-Binding Protein 1
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases / metabolism*
  • Ubiquitination


  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • TP53BP1 protein, human
  • Tumor Suppressor p53-Binding Protein 1
  • Histone Demethylases
  • KDM1A protein, human
  • RNF168 protein, human
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
  • Casein Kinase II
  • PPM1D protein, human
  • Phosphoprotein Phosphatases
  • Protein Phosphatase 2C