Twenty dogs with spontaneously developing osteosarcoma of the extremities were treated with 1 of 3 multimodality limb-sparing procedures. Excision of the tumor was preceded by intra-arterial (IA) administration of cisplatin (cis-diamminedichloroplatinum) alone directed to the affected extremity, irradiation plus IA administration of cisplatin, or irradiation plus IV administration of cisplatin. All dogs were free of apparent metastatic disease at the time of initial treatment. After diagnosis, dogs administered cisplatin IA had selective angiography performed on arteries supplying the tumor, and 70 mg of cisplatin/m2 of body surface was administered over 2 hours. This protocol was repeated 3 weeks later. Dogs that were irradiated received 25 or 40 Gy in 10 fractions over a 22-day period. The first and last radiation doses were immediately preceded by IA administration of cisplatin. Dogs given IV treatment received 10 mg of cisplatin/m2 2 hours before each radiation fraction was administered. Three weeks after the last treatment, tumors were excised and the limb underwent orthopedic reconstruction, generally using cortical allografting and bone plating. Limb function, allograft healing, local tumor control, and metastatic dissemination were monitored. Limb function was good to excellent in 69% (11/16) of dogs evaluated. Forelimb-sparing procedures were generally associated with better function than were limb-sparing procedures performed on hind limbs. Local tumor control was obtained in 79% (11/14) of dogs thoroughly evaluated, with local recurrences in 3 dogs at 3, 4, and 7 months after treatment. Fifteen dogs developed metastatic disease at a median time of 8 months from the time of diagnosis. Mean and median survival times for all dogs, regardless of cause of death, were 11.7 and 8 months, respectively. Tumor necrosis greater than 80% was statistically associated with lack of recurrence. Of 16 dogs, 5 (31%) developed infections at the surgical site. Multimodality limb-sparing treatment is believed to be a viable alternative for appropriately selected dogs with osteosarcoma. The optimal method of treatment prior to or after tumor excision has not yet been established.