Adding content to contacts: measurement of high quality contacts for maternal and newborn health in Ethiopia, north east Nigeria, and Uttar Pradesh, India

PLoS One. 2015 May 22;10(5):e0126840. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0126840. eCollection 2015.

Abstract

Background: Families in high mortality settings need regular contact with high quality services, but existing population-based measurements of contacts do not reflect quality. To address this, in 2012, we designed linked household and frontline worker surveys for Gombe State, Nigeria, Ethiopia, and Uttar Pradesh, India. Using reported frequency and content of contacts, we present a method for estimating the population level coverage of high quality contacts.

Methods and findings: Linked cluster-based household and frontline health worker surveys were performed. Interviews were conducted in 40, 80 and 80 clusters in Gombe, Ethiopia, and Uttar Pradesh, respectively, including 348, 533, and 604 eligible women and 20, 76, and 55 skilled birth attendants. High quality contacts were defined as contacts during which recommended set of processes for routine health care were met. In Gombe, 61% (95% confidence interval 50-72) of women had at least one antenatal contact, 22% (14-29) delivered with a skilled birth attendant, 7% (4-9) had a post-partum check and 4% (2-8) of newborns had a post-natal check. Coverage of high quality contacts was reduced to 11% (6-16), 8% (5-11), 0%, and 0% respectively. In Ethiopia, 56% (49-63) had at least one antenatal contact, 15% (11-22) delivered with a skilled birth attendant, 3% (2-6) had a post-partum check and 4% (2-6) of newborns had a post-natal check. Coverage of high quality contacts was 4% (2-6), 4% (2-6), 0%, and 0%, respectively. In Uttar Pradesh 74% (69-79) had at least one antenatal contact, 76% (71-80) delivered with a skilled birth attendant, 54% (48-59) had a post-partum check and 19% (15-23) of newborns had a post-natal check. Coverage of high quality contacts was 6% (4-8), 4% (2-6), 0%, and 0% respectively.

Conclusions: Measuring content of care to reflect the quality of contacts can reveal missed opportunities to deliver best possible health care.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Ethiopia
  • Female
  • Health Care Surveys
  • Health Services Accessibility*
  • Humans
  • India
  • Infant Health*
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Maternal Health Services*
  • Maternal Health*
  • Nigeria
  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal Care
  • Rural Population
  • Socioeconomic Factors

Grant support

This work was supported through a grant made by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to the IDEAS project at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The funder had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Health Hub Ltd., JaRco Consulting and Sambodhi Research and Communications Pvt. Ltd., provided support in the form of salaries for authors RDTG, TT and KS respectively, but did not have any additional role in the study design, data collection and analysis,decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. The specific roles of these authors are articulated in the ‘author contributions' section.