[Total reverse shoulder replacement. Evaluation of the clinical results and complications in a series of 52 cases]

Rev Esp Cir Ortop Traumatol. 2015 Nov-Dec;59(6):439-46. doi: 10.1016/j.recot.2015.02.002. Epub 2015 May 23.
[Article in Spanish]


Objective: To evaluate the clinical results and analyse the complications of total reverse shoulder replacement performed in our centre over an 8 year period.

Material and method: A retrospective study was conducted on 50 patients (52 shoulders), with a mean age of 70.15 years (range 51 to 84 years) between December 2004 and December 2012, who received a total reverse shoulder replacement, all performed by the same surgeon. The results have been evaluated according to clinical data, radiography study, a satisfaction scale, and the Constant scale, with a minimum follow-up of 16 months. Five of the cases (9.62%) had been intervened due to fractures of the proximal end of the humerus, 6 cases (11.53%) as surgical consequence of a prosthesis revision, 10 cases (19.23%) due to fracture sequelae, and 30 cases (59.62%) were patients with arthropathy due to a massive fracture of the rotator cuff.

Results: After a mean follow up of 35.78 months (range, 16-82), satisfactory clinical results were obtained in 80% of cases, with a mean preoperative Constant of 27.7 points, and reaching 67.1 points 12 months after the operation. On the visual analogue scale, 8.25 points were obtained before the surgery, which decreased to 2.25 points 12 months later. The complications rate was 15.38%, which were due to an intra-operative fracture (1.92%), deep infection (3.84%), instability (3.84%), and early mechanical loosening (3.84%). Scapular notching was observed in the radiographic study in 9 (17.3%) cases.

Discussion and conclusions: After the results obtained, it could be said that total reverse shoulder replacement achieved encouraging results in the short term for the treatment of glenohumeral arthrosis and massive tears of the rotary cuff. On analysing our series, it can be seen that the complications rate is much higher when it is used to treat fracture sequelae in which there is a loss of proximal humerus bone stock.

Keywords: Arthroplasty; Artroplastia; Artroplastia invertida; Complicaciones; Complications; Glenohumeral; Manguito rotador; Resultados; Results; Reverse arthroplasty; Rotator cuff.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder / methods*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Satisfaction / statistics & numerical data
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Radiography
  • Reoperation
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Rotator Cuff Injuries / diagnostic imaging
  • Rotator Cuff Injuries / surgery*
  • Shoulder Fractures / diagnostic imaging
  • Shoulder Fractures / surgery*
  • Treatment Outcome