The effects of lingual treatment with amiloride, an inhibitor of salt taste responses in several mammalian species, on NaCl responses of the chorda tympani nerve were compared between four inbred strains of mouse (BALB/cCrSlc, DBA/2CrSlc, C57BL/6CrSlc and C3H/HeSlc). In C57BL and C3H mice amiloride significantly suppressed responses of the chorda tympani nerve to NaCl at a concentration 0.1 M or more whereas in BALB and DBA mice the drug did not significantly affect the responses to NaCl at any concentration, suggesting a lack of the amiloride-sensitive receptor component for NaCl in the latter two strains. A two-bottle preference test demonstrated that all strains of mouse usually showed no preference for NaCl at any concentration and avoided NaCl at 0.3 M or more, although some differences were observed in that C57BL and C3H mice showed aversive responses to 0.1 and 0.15 M NaCl, whereas BALB and DBA mice were indifferent to these solutions. The results suggest that there exist prominent differences between mouse strains in the amiloride-sensitive component of their salt receptor systems. However, in mice the taste information derived from the amiloride-sensitive receptor component probably has no remarkable effect on behavioral responses to NaCl except for a possible contribution to decreasing aversion thresholds for NaCl by increasing overall taste information about NaCl.