Integrating Family-Based Treatment and Dialectical Behavior Therapy for Adolescent Bulimia Nervosa: Preliminary Outcomes of an Open Pilot Trial

Eat Disord. 2015;23(4):336-44. doi: 10.1080/10640266.2015.1044345. Epub 2015 May 26.

Abstract

Adolescent bulimia nervosa (BN) remains relatively understudied, and the complex interaction between core eating psychopathology and emotional regulation difficulties provides ongoing challenges for full symptom remission. In an open pilot trial, we aimed to investigate the efficacy of a program integrating family-based treatment (FBT) and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) in treating adolescent BN, without exclusion criteria. Participants were 35 adolescents who underwent partial hospital treatment for BN, and outcomes included measures of core BN pathology and emotional regulation difficulties, as well as parental measures of self-efficacy, completed at intake and discharge. Results indicate significant improvements in overall eating disorder pathology, t(68) = 4.52, p = .002, and in core BN symptoms, including objective binge episodes, t(68) = 2.01, p = .041, and self-induced vomiting, t(68) = 2.90, p = .005. Results also illustrated a significant increase in parental efficacy throughout the course of treatment, t(20) = .081, p = .001, although no global improvement in difficulties in emotion regulation was noted, t(68) = 1.12, p = .285. These preliminary findings support the utility of this integration of FBT and DBT, although raise interesting questions as to the mechanism of symptom remission.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior
  • Behavior Therapy / methods*
  • Binge-Eating Disorder / psychology
  • Bulimia Nervosa / psychology
  • Bulimia Nervosa / therapy*
  • Day Care, Medical
  • Family Therapy / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Pilot Projects
  • Treatment Outcome