A 56-year-old white female presented to the emergency room (ER) with acute onset of right upper quadrant abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting, and she was found to have a sudden drop in hemoglobin. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) with and without intravenous contrast revealed multiple bilobar focal hepatic hypervascular lesions, one of them demonstrating spontaneous rupture with active intraperitoneal bleeding. A moderate hemoperitoneum was present. The patient underwent exploratory laparotomy for right hepatic posterior segmentectomy (right posterior sectionectomy) and peritoneal lavage. The histopathology evaluation revealed multiple liver adenomas. Hepatic adenomatosis is a clinical entity characterized by 10 or more hepatic adenomas. It must be distinguished from isolated hepatic adenoma as it bears a much higher risk of complications, such as spontaneous rupture, hemorrhage and malignant transformation. Here we discuss the radiologic and histopathologic findings of the current case along with a review of the English language medical literature.
Keywords: Adenomatosis; Computed Tomography; Hemoperitoneum; Hemorrhage; Liver; Mass.