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Randomized Controlled Trial
. 2015 Jul;48(4-5):141-4.
doi: 10.1055/s-0035-1549928. Epub 2015 May 26.

Is S-Adenosyl Methionine (SAMe) for Depression Only Effective in Males? A Re-Analysis of Data From a Randomized Clinical Trial

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Free PMC article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Is S-Adenosyl Methionine (SAMe) for Depression Only Effective in Males? A Re-Analysis of Data From a Randomized Clinical Trial

J Sarris et al. Pharmacopsychiatry. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine whether gender differences may have affected treatment response to S-adenosyl methionine (SAMe) in a recent failed randomized clinical trial (RCT) for adults with major depressive disorder.

Methods: Data from a 2-site, 12-week, double-blind RCT (n=189) assessing the efficacy of SAMe vs. placebo and a comparator selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (escitalopram) were subjected to post-hoc analyses to evaluate effects of patient gender on treatment response.

Results: When assessing the efficacy outcomes within each gender separately, SAMe was superior to placebo among males (n=51), but not among females (n=62). Males showed a significant reduction of depression severity from baseline to study endpoint on the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (4.3 point difference; p=0.034; d=0.95), while females did not show significant change. This finding emerged despite equivalence on baseline measures of depression severity between the gender groups.

Conclusion: RESULTS of this secondary data analysis suggest that gender might impact the antidepressant efficacy of SAMe, with greater therapeutic effect found in males. The underlying mechanism is still relatively unknown. Further work is needed to replicate this observation in independent samples.Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT00101452.

Conflict of interest statement

Competing Interests

No direct competing interests identified

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Gender and response to SAMe versus placebo Group X Time ANCOVAs were conducted in males and in females. HAMD= Hamilton Depression Rating Scale 17. SAMe= S-adenosyl methionine

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