Comparison of [(18)F]DCFPyL and [ (68)Ga]Ga-PSMA-HBED-CC for PSMA-PET Imaging in Patients with Relapsed Prostate Cancer

Mol Imaging Biol. 2015 Aug;17(4):575-84. doi: 10.1007/s11307-015-0866-0.


Purpose: Gallium-68 (Ga-68)-labeled tracers for imaging expression of the prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) such as the [(68)Ga]Ga-PSMA-HBED-CC have already demonstrated high potential for the detection of recurrent prostate cancer. However, compared to Ga-68, a labeling with fluorine-18 (F-18) would offer advantages with respect to availability, production amount, and image resolution. [(18)F]DCFPyL is a promising F-18-labeled candidate for PSMA-positron emission tomography (PET) imaging that has been recently introduced. In the current study, we aimed to compare [(68)Ga]Ga-PSMA-HBED-CC and [(18)F]DCFPyL for clinical use in biochemically relapsed prostate cancer.

Procedures: In 14 selected patients with PSA relapse of prostate cancer, [(18)F]DCFPyL PET/X-ray computed tomography (CT) was performed in addition to [(68)Ga]Ga-PSMA-HBED-CC PET/CT. A systematic comparison was carried out between results obtained with both tracers with regard to the number of detected PSMA-positive lesions, the standardized uptake value (SUV)max and the lesion to background ratios.

Results: All suspicious lesions identified by [(68)Ga]Ga-PSMA-HBED-CC were also detected with [(18)F]DCFPyL. In three patients, additional lesions were observed using [(18)F]DCFPyL PET/CT. The mean SUVmax in the concordant [(18)F]DCFPyL PSMA-positive lesions was significantly higher as compared to [(68)Ga]Ga-PSMA-HBED-CC (14.5 vs. 12.2, p = 0.028, n = 15). The mean tumor to background ratios (n = 15) were significantly higher for [(18)F]DCFPyL compared to [(68)Ga]Ga-PSMA-HBED-CC using kidney, spleen, or parotid as reference organs (p = 0.006, p = 0.002, p = 0.008), but no significant differences were found using the liver (p = 0.167) or the mediastinum (p = 0.363) as reference organs.

Conclusion: [(18)F]DCFPyL PET/CT provided a high image quality and visualized small prostate lesions with excellent sensitivity. [(18)F]DCFPyL represents a highly promising alternative to [(68)Ga]Ga-PSMA-HBED-CC for PSMA-PET/CT imaging in relapsed prostate cancer.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Edetic Acid / analogs & derivatives*
  • Edetic Acid / pharmacokinetics
  • Edetic Acid / therapeutic use
  • Gallium Isotopes
  • Gallium Radioisotopes
  • Humans
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Lysine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Lysine / pharmacokinetics
  • Lysine / therapeutic use
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oligopeptides / pharmacokinetics
  • Oligopeptides / therapeutic use*
  • Positron-Emission Tomography / methods*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology
  • Radiopharmaceuticals / pharmacokinetics
  • Radiopharmaceuticals / therapeutic use*
  • Recurrence
  • Urea / analogs & derivatives*
  • Urea / pharmacokinetics
  • Urea / therapeutic use


  • 2-(3-(1-carboxy-5-((6-fluoropyridine-3-carbonyl)amino)pentyl)ureido)pentanedioic acid
  • Gallium Isotopes
  • Gallium Radioisotopes
  • Oligopeptides
  • Radiopharmaceuticals
  • gallium 68 PSMA-11
  • Urea
  • Edetic Acid
  • Lysine