Background: The causals for legal abortion in Mexico vary as established by the Constitution of each State; from 2007 it is legal in Mexico City.
Objective: To identify knowledge, attitudes and practice of abortion between gynecologists and obstetricians.
Material and methods: Survey study conducted between some of the gynaeco-obstetricians attended the 64th Mexican Congress of Gynecology and Obstetrics held in Mexico City, October 2013.
Results: From the 1,085 respondents, 77% correctly identified that abortion is legal accord to Constitutional Signs of each State; 17.5% said it is never legal and 5.7% thought that is always legal. The 67% comment that public institutions should have infrastructure and trained medical personnal to legal abortion practice. The 72% response they would attend or denounce the woman who underwent an abortion outlawed. The remaining 28% showed negative attitudes, from informing the couple or parents (18%), scold women (2%) or reporting it to the authorities (8%). In 39%, they felt that the medical profession who practice discriminates abortions; 28% admit stigmatize partener and 27% feel stigmatized if performing abortions. Percentage high hospitalized patients in case of early abortions, for surgical or medical treatment.
Conclusions: It is necessary to increase and improve knowledge technical and legal about abortion, especially among gynaeco-obstetricians, they are who responsibility to comply about prescribed by law, in accordance with international recommendations and the exercise of reproductive rights of women.