Effects of the olive tree leaf constituents on myocardial oxidative damage and atherosclerosis

Planta Med. 2015 Jun;81(8):648-54. doi: 10.1055/s-0035-1546017. Epub 2015 May 27.


The olive (Olea europaea) leaf is considered an important traditional herbal medicine utilized against infectious diseases, and for the treatment of diabetes and hypertension. Moreover, olive leaf constituents have been related to cardioprotection, probably due to their association with cellular redox modulating effects. The pathogenesis of certain common diseases, including those of the cardiovascular system, involves oxidative stress and tissue inflammation. Olive polyphenolic compounds, such as oleuropein, hydroxytyrosol, or tyrosol, possess antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiatherosclerotic, anti-ischemic, and hypolipidemic effects on the myocardium as demonstrated by various in vitro and in vivo studies. In this review article, we summarize the current knowledge on the role of the olive leaf constituents in the prevention of cardiac dysfunction and highlight future perspectives in their use as cardioprotective agents in therapeutics.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Heart Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Medicine, Traditional
  • Olea / chemistry*
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Phytotherapy*
  • Plant Leaves / chemistry
  • Polyphenols / therapeutic use*
  • Protective Agents / therapeutic use*


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Polyphenols
  • Protective Agents