Background: The relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] serum levels and response to antiviral therapy and laboratory data in HCV infection remains unclear. The aim of this study was to determine pre-treatment 25(OH)D serum level among HCV infected individuals and to evaluate the association between vitamin D status, virological response, and laboratory data.
Material and methods: Baseline serum 25(OH)D levels were measured in 237 chronic HCV infected patients (139 female, age 53.7 ± 11.2 years) using chemiluminescence immunoassay. Correlations between serum 25(OH)D levels, virological and laboratory data regarding HCV infection as well as sustained virological response (SVR) to antiviral therapy were evaluated.
Results: Mean serum values of 25(OH)D was 26.2 ± 12 ng/mL and prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (< 30 ng/mL) was 66.2%. Advanced age (> 55 years), high mean values of LDL, total cholesterol, HDL and low mean values of alkaline phosphatase and hemoglobin were statistically associated to vitamin D deficiency. Antiviral treatment was underwent by 133 HCV patients and 44.3% of them achieved SVR. Most of individuals that presented SVR also presented 25(OH)D level higher than 30ng/mL (55.9%). SVR was associated to low mean values of LDL, total cholesterol and platelets; high mean values of ALT, AST and low fibrosis grade.
Conclusions: In conclusion, low vitamin D levels were observed among HCV infected patients and was associated to laboratory findings, however baseline 25(OH)D level is not independently associated with SVR.