Drosophila Rif1 is an essential gene and controls late developmental events by direct interaction with PP1-87B

Sci Rep. 2015 May 29:5:10679. doi: 10.1038/srep10679.


Rif1, identified as a regulator of telomerase in yeast, is an evolutionarily conserved protein and functions in diverse processes including telomere length regulation, epigenetic gene regulation, anti-checkpoint activity, DNA repair and establishing timing of firing at replication origins. Previously we had identified that all Rif1 homologues have PP1 interacting SILK-RVxF motif. In the present study, we show that Drosophila Rif1 is essential for normal fly development and loss of dRif1 impairs temporal regulation of initiation of DNA replication. In multiple tissues dRif1 colocalizes with HP1, a protein known to orchestrate timing of replication in fly. dRif1 associates with chromosomes in a mitotic stage-dependent manner coinciding with dephosphorylation of histones. Ectopic expression of dRif1 causes enlarged larval imaginal discs and early pupal lethality which is completely reversed by co-expression of PP1 87B, the major protein phosphatase in Drosophila, indicating genetic and functional interaction. These findings suggest that dRif1 is an adaptor for PP1 and functions by recruiting PP1 to multiple sites on the chromosome.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics*
  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone / biosynthesis
  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone / genetics
  • DNA Replication / genetics*
  • Drosophila / genetics
  • Drosophila / growth & development*
  • Drosophila Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Drosophila Proteins / genetics*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Phosphatase 1 / biosynthesis
  • Protein Phosphatase 1 / genetics*
  • Telomere / genetics
  • Telomere-Binding Proteins / biosynthesis*
  • Telomere-Binding Proteins / genetics


  • Carrier Proteins
  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone
  • Drosophila Proteins
  • Rif1 protein, Drosophila
  • Telomere-Binding Proteins
  • heterochromatin protein 1, Drosophila
  • Protein Phosphatase 1