Moderator's view: Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and home blood pressure for the prognosis, diagnosis and treatment of hypertension in dialysis patients

Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2015 Sep;30(9):1443-8. doi: 10.1093/ndt/gfv241. Epub 2015 May 28.

Abstract

Major health agencies now recommend the systematic application of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) for the diagnosis of hypertension. Given the exceedingly high prevalence of nocturnal hypertension, masked and white coat hypertension and the overt inadequacy of peridialysis (pre-, intra- and post-dialysis) BP measurements, more extensive application of ABPM for the diagnosis of hypertension in dialysis patients would appear logical. In a recent survey performed in NDT Educational, organizational problems and/or cognitive resistance emerged as important factors hindering more extensive application of ABPM and home BP by nephrologists. External validation of observations made in landmark studies in a single institution about hypertension subcategorization by ABPM is urgently needed. Furthermore, apparent cognitive resistance by nephrologists may be justified by the fact that these techniques have been insufficiently tested in the dialysis population for applicability in everyday clinical practice, tolerability, organizational impact and cost-effectiveness. We should be more resolute in abandoning peridialysis measurements for diagnosing and treating hypertension in haemodialysis patients. Home BP is a formidable educational instrument for patient empowerment and self-care, and evidence exists that this technique is superior to peridialysis values to better hypertension control as defined on the basis of ABPM. We should strive to promote more extensive application of home BP monitoring to diagnose and manage hypertension in haemodialysis patients. ABPM with novel, user friendly and better tolerated techniques is to be awaited in the near future.

Keywords: ABPM; ESRD; dialysis; home BP; hypertension.

Publication types

  • Comment

MeSH terms

  • Blood Pressure / physiology*
  • Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory / methods*
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / diagnosis*
  • Renal Dialysis*
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / therapy*