Quantification of expression of dehydrin isoforms in the desiccation tolerant plant Craterostigma plantagineum using specifically designed reference genes

Plant Sci. 2015 Jul;236:103-15. doi: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2015.03.014. Epub 2015 Mar 28.

Abstract

Craterostigma plantagineum is a desiccation tolerant resurrection plant. Many genes are induced during desiccation. Dehydrins are a group of dehydration-induced genes present in all higher plants. The current study aims at classifying the most abundantly expressed dehydrin genes from vegetative tissues of C. plantagineum and quantifying their expression. To identify variations between dehydrin isoforms at different stages of desiccation and rehydration by RT-qPCR, the target mRNA requires an accurate and reliable normalization. Previously we reported that RNAs from leaves and roots of C. plantagineum are not degraded during desiccation and subsequent rehydration thus allowing the use of RT-qPCR to test the stability of reference genes. The expression stability of eight candidate reference genes was tested in leaves, roots and callus. These genes were ranked according to their stability of gene expression using GeNorm(PLUS) and RefFinder. The most consistently expressed reference genes in each tissue were identified and used to normalize gene expression data. Dehydrin isoforms were divided in three groups based on the expression level during the desiccation process in three different tissues (leaves, roots and callus).

Keywords: Dehydrins; Desiccation tolerance; Quantitative expression; RT-qPCR; Reference genes.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Craterostigma / genetics*
  • Craterostigma / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Plant Leaves / metabolism
  • Plant Proteins / genetics*
  • Plant Proteins / metabolism
  • Plant Roots / metabolism
  • Protein Isoforms / genetics
  • Protein Isoforms / metabolism
  • Sequence Alignment

Substances

  • Plant Proteins
  • Protein Isoforms
  • dehydrin proteins, plant

Associated data

  • GENBANK/KP901137
  • GENBANK/KP901138
  • GENBANK/KP901139
  • GENBANK/KP901140
  • GENBANK/KP901141
  • GENBANK/KP901142