Despite the increasing popularity of translation research, few studies have described the process and challenges involved in implementing a translation study. The main objective was to determine whether a multi-component group behavioral intervention could be successfully translated from an academic setting into the community health system of federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) funded by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) in Miami, NY, and NJ. Key challenges and "lessons learned" from the dissemination and implementation process for the SMART/EST (Stress Management And Relaxation Training/Emotional Supportive Therapy) Women's Project (SWP) III in low-resource primary care settings are described. The Reach Effectiveness Adoption Implementation Maintenance (RE-AIM) model served as the theoretical framework for the translation of the study. This study outlines several essential factors related to Glasgow's RE-AIM model that need to be considered in order to accomplish successful translation of evidence-based interventions from traditional academia to "real-world" community health center settings.
Keywords: Behavioral interventions; Challenges in translation; Implementation of translation research; SMART/EST Women’s Project.