Genome-wide association study of leukotriene modifier response in asthma

Pharmacogenomics J. 2016 Apr;16(2):151-7. doi: 10.1038/tpj.2015.34. Epub 2015 Jun 2.

Abstract

Heterogeneous therapeutic responses to leukotriene modifiers (LTMs) are likely due to variation in patient genetics. Although prior candidate gene studies implicated multiple pharmacogenetic loci, to date, no genome-wide association study (GWAS) of LTM response was reported. In this study, DNA and phenotypic information from two placebo-controlled trials (total N=526) of zileuton response were interrogated. Using a gene-environment (G × E) GWAS model, we evaluated 12-week change in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (ΔFEV1) following LTM treatment. The top 50 single-nucleotide polymorphism associations were replicated in an independent zileuton treatment cohort, and two additional cohorts of montelukast response. In a combined analysis (discovery+replication), rs12436663 in MRPP3 achieved genome-wide significance (P=6.28 × 10(-08)); homozygous rs12436663 carriers showed a significant reduction in mean ΔFEV1 following zileuton treatment. In addition, rs517020 in GLT1D1 was associated with worsening responses to both montelukast and zileuton (combined P=1.25 × 10(-07)). These findings implicate previously unreported loci in determining therapeutic responsiveness to LTMs.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetates / therapeutic use
  • Anti-Asthmatic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Asthma / drug therapy*
  • Asthma / genetics
  • Asthma / metabolism
  • Cohort Studies
  • Gene-Environment Interaction
  • Genetic Loci*
  • Genome-Wide Association Study
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Hydroxyurea / analogs & derivatives
  • Hydroxyurea / therapeutic use
  • Leukotrienes / metabolism*
  • Phenotype
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • Quinolines / therapeutic use

Substances

  • Acetates
  • Anti-Asthmatic Agents
  • Leukotrienes
  • Quinolines
  • montelukast
  • zileuton
  • Hydroxyurea