Malaria-like symptoms associated with a natural Plasmodium reichenowi infection in a chimpanzee

Malar J. 2015 May 28;14:220. doi: 10.1186/s12936-015-0743-y.


Although Plasmodium infections have never been clearly associated with symptoms in non-human primates, the question of the pathogenicity of Plasmodium parasites in non-human primates still remains unanswered. A young chimpanzee, followed before and after release to a sanctuary, in a semi-free ranging enclosure located in an equatorial forest, showed fever and strong anaemia associated with a high Plasmodium reichenowi infection, shortly after release. The animal recovered from anaemia after several months despite recurrent infection with other Plasmodium species. This may be the first description of malaria-like symptoms in a chimpanzee infected with Plasmodium.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anemia / parasitology
  • Anemia / veterinary
  • Animals
  • Body Weight
  • Female
  • Malaria* / parasitology
  • Malaria* / physiopathology
  • Malaria* / veterinary
  • Pan troglodytes / parasitology*
  • Plasmodium*