Sleep and food intake: A multisystem review of mechanisms in children and adults

J Health Psychol. 2015 Jun;20(6):794-805. doi: 10.1177/1359105315573427.


The foods we eat have substantial impact on our health, and excessive food intake is associated with numerous long-term health conditions. It is therefore essential to understand the factors influencing this crucial health behavior. Research has identified sleep problems as one such factor; however, little research has examined how sleep problems impact food intake. Using a multisystemic perspective, this article proposes a variety of ways in which sleep problems likely increase food intake and illustrates the need for research to empirically examine these underlying mechanisms. Such research would have important treatment implications for health conditions often treated with dietary interventions.

Keywords: child; diet; food intake; mechanisms; sleep.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child
  • Eating / physiology*
  • Eating / psychology
  • Feeding Behavior / physiology*
  • Feeding Behavior / psychology
  • Humans
  • Sleep / physiology*
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / physiopathology*
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / psychology