Computer methods for sampling, reconstruction, display and analysis of retinal whole mounts

Vision Res. 1989;29(5):529-40. doi: 10.1016/0042-6989(89)90039-4.


We are quantifying the distribution of photoreceptors and ganglion cells in human retina with the goal of establishing a reliable anatomical database which may be compared to information about visual function. We required a representation of retinal cell distributions which facilitated collection, analysis, and display of morphometric data from the entire retina of a large number of eyes. We report computer methods to (1) reconstruct the original retinal sphere from a three-piece whole mount preparation; (2) sample the retina in a manner which allowed description of approximately radially symmetrical cell distributions and avoided both undersampling (which produces interpolation artifacts) and oversampling (which wastes time); (3) interpolate between data points in order to produce plots of cell density along arbitrary meridians and maps of average cell density from several eyes; (4) specify locations on the retinal surface using a spherical coordinate system with its primary axis through the fovea; and (5) produce color-coded maps of cell distributions in a standard perimetric projection.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Cell Count
  • Computer Simulation
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Models, Anatomic
  • Retina / cytology*