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Comparative Study
, 79 (6), 705-10

Effect of Employing Different Typodonts When Using E4D Compare for Dental Student Assessment

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  • PMID: 26034036
Comparative Study

Effect of Employing Different Typodonts When Using E4D Compare for Dental Student Assessment

Richard S Callan et al. J Dent Educ.

Abstract

The use of computers to aid in instruction and help decrease the subjective component of assessment is steadily increasing. One of the potential barriers to the effective utilization of CAD/CAM technology for assessment purposes is the efficient scanning of the teeth being used for comparison. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine if the use of different typodonts, of the same make and model, has any significant effect on the percent comparison results when using E4D Compare. Tooth #30 was prepared by a faculty member to represent what dental students at Georgia Regents University are taught as the ideal preparation for a full gold crown. Ten typodonts of the same make and model were selected for comparison. Three different examples of students' preparations were scanned and compared to the ideal preparation. Each of the three student preparations was subjected to ten trials (occasions), one for each typodont, at five tolerance levels: 0.1 mm, 0.2 mm, 0.3 mm, 0.4 mm, and 0.5 mm. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to measure the intrarater agreement among the typodonts at the various tolerance levels. The agreement coefficients (0.971-0.984) indicated very little variability attributable to the use of a different typodont. The high agreement coefficients achieved using different typodonts of the same make and model provide evidence for the interchangeability of typodonts when assessing a student's performance in the preclinical simulation environment.

Keywords: CAD/CAM; assessment; dental education; grading; typodont.

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