A strategy for weight loss based on healthy dietary habits and control of emotional response to food

Nutr Hosp. 2015 Jun 1;31(6):2392-9. doi: 10.3305/nh.2015.31.6.8736.

Abstract

Introduction: A sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy eating habits are major causes of a negative energy balance and excess body weight. The lifestyle of the Mediterranean diet eating pattern significantly reduces risk factors for non communicable diseases. Moreover, emotions have a powerful effect on feeding behavior. There is a direct relationship between food choices (type and amount), emotions and increased energy intake.

Objective: To know the emotional behavior of individuals as a function of the relation between food intake and emotions to facilitate the establishment of personalized dietary guidelines based on healthy eating habits and increase the patient fidelity until the desired weight.

Subjects and methods: 99 overweight adult people (81 women and 18 men) were subjected to a weight-reduction program based on the establishment of lifestyle and healthy eating habits. The adherence to Mediterranean dietary pattern and the effect of emotions on the choice of food and eating habits were determined using Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS) and Emotional- Eater Questionnaire (EEQ) respectively.

Results: The studied population was sedentary, consumed an unhealthy diet and eating behavior was highly affected by emotions. The majority of participants, (66% of women and 71% of men) were classified as emotional eater. During the treatment program eating habits and lifestyle subjects were modified and reduced at least 10% of their body weight.

Conclusion: Know the relation between food intake and emotions allows to personalize the dietary strategy for weight loss in overweight and obesity.

Introducción: el sedentarismo y los hábitos alimentarios poco saludables son las principales causas de un balance energético negativo y un exceso de peso corporal. El estilo de vida del patrón de dieta mediterránea reduce significativamente los factores de riesgo de enfermedades no transmisibles. Por otra parte, las emociones tienen un poderoso efecto en el comportamiento alimentario. Existe una relación directa entre la elección de alimentos, las emociones y el aumento de la ingesta energética. Objetivo: conocer el comportamiento emocional de los individuos para facilitar el establecimiento de pautas dietéticas personalizadas basadas en hábitos alimentarios saludables y aumentar la fidelidad del paciente hasta conseguir el peso deseado. Material y métodos: 99 personas adultas con sobrepeso fueron sometidos a un programa de reducción de peso basado en establecer unos hábitos alimentarios y un estilo de vida saludables. La adhesión al patrón de dieta Mediterránea y el efecto de las emociones en la elección de alimentos se determinaron utilizando los cuestionarios MEDAS (Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener) y EEQ (Emocional Eater Questionnaire), respectivamente. Resultados: la población estudiada era sedentaria, consumía una dieta poco saludable y su conducta alimentaria era dependiente de las emociones. La mayoría de los participantes (66% mujeres y 71% hombres) fueron clasificados como comedores emocionales. Durante el programa de tratamiento, los participantes modificaron sus hábitos alimentarios y su estilo de vida, consiguiendo reducir el peso corporal en al menos un 10% respecto al peso inicial. Conclusión: conocer la relación entre la ingesta de alimentos y las emociones permite personalizar la estrategia dietética para disminuir el peso corporal y la tasa de abandono.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Diet, Mediterranean
  • Emotions*
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Female
  • Food Preferences / psychology
  • Food*
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / diet therapy
  • Obesity / psychology*
  • Obesity / therapy*
  • Precision Medicine
  • Sedentary Behavior
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Weight Loss*
  • Young Adult