CHIVA: hemodynamic concept, strategy and results

Int Angiol. 2016 Feb;35(1):8-30. Epub 2015 Jun 5.


The first part of this review article provides the physiologic background that sustained the CHIVA principles development. Then the venous networks anatomy and flow patterns are described with pertinent sonographic interpretations, leading to the shunt concept description and to the consequent CHIVA strategy application. An in depth explanation into the hemodynamic conservative cure approach follows, together with pertinent review of the relevant literature.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Ambulatory Care
  • Hemodynamics*
  • Humans
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Venous Insufficiency* / diagnostic imaging
  • Venous Insufficiency* / physiopathology
  • Venous Insufficiency* / therapy