Antisense peptide recognition of sense peptides: sequence simplification and evaluation of forces underlying the interaction

Biochemistry. 1989 Oct 31;28(22):8804-11. doi: 10.1021/bi00448a019.


Structural principles were studied which underlie the recognition of sense peptides (sense DNA encoded) by synthetic peptides encoded in the corresponding antisense strand of DNA. The direct-readout antisense peptides corresponding to ribonuclease S-peptide bind to an affinity matrix containing immobilized S-peptide with significant selectivity and with dissociation constants in the range of 10(-6) M as judged by analytical affinity chromatography. Synthetic, sequence-modified forms of antisense peptides also exhibit substantial binding affinity, including a "scrambled" peptide in which the order of residue positions is changed while the overall residue composition is retained. The antisense mutants, as the original antisense peptides, bind at saturation with greater than 1:1 stoichiometry to immobilized S-peptide. The data suggest significant sequence degeneracy in the interaction of antisense with sense peptide. In contrast, selectivity was confirmed by the inability of several control peptides to bind to immobilized S-peptide. The idea was tested that the hydropathic pattern of the amino acid sequence serves to induce antisense peptide recognition. A hydropathically sequence-simplified mutant of antisense peptide was made in which all strongly hydrophilic (charged) residues were replaced by Lys, all strongly hydrophobic residues by Leu, and all weakly hydrophilic and hydrophobic residues by Ala, except Gly which was unchanged. This "KLAG" mutant also binds to immobilized S-peptide, with an affinity only an order of magnitude less than that with the original antisense peptide and with multiple stoichiometry. Mutants of the KLAG model, in which the hydropathic pattern was changed substantially, exhibited a lower binding affinity for S-peptide.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Cattle
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • DNA / genetics*
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Peptide Biosynthesis
  • Peptides / genetics*
  • Peptides / isolation & purification


  • Peptides
  • DNA