Objective: The objective of this study was to validate the performance of a seizure detection algorithm (SDA) developed by our group, on previously unseen, prolonged, unedited EEG recordings from 70 babies from 2 centres.
Methods: EEGs of 70 babies (35 seizure, 35 non-seizure) were annotated for seizures by experts as the gold standard. The SDA was tested on the EEGs at a range of sensitivity settings. Annotations from the expert and SDA were compared using event and epoch based metrics. The effect of seizure duration on SDA performance was also analysed.
Results: Between sensitivity settings of 0.5 and 0.3, the algorithm achieved seizure detection rates of 52.6-75.0%, with false detection (FD) rates of 0.04-0.36FD/h for event based analysis, which was deemed to be acceptable in a clinical environment. Time based comparison of expert and SDA annotations using Cohen's Kappa Index revealed a best performing SDA threshold of 0.4 (Kappa 0.630). The SDA showed improved detection performance with longer seizures.
Conclusion: The SDA achieved promising performance and warrants further testing in a live clinical evaluation.
Significance: The SDA has the potential to improve seizure detection and provide a robust tool for comparing treatment regimens.
Keywords: Automated seizure detection; Hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy; Neonatal EEG; Neonatal neurology; Neonatal seizures.
Copyright © 2015 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.