Effectiveness of Minimally Invasive Hybrid Surgery for Ileal Interposition (MIHSII) for the Resolution of Type 2 Diabetes

Surg Innov. 2016 Feb;23(1):42-51. doi: 10.1177/1553350615589523. Epub 2015 Jun 8.

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of minimally invasive hybrid surgery for ileal interposition (MIHSII), a novel procedure for type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in patients with a body mass index (BMI) <30 kg⁄m(2).

Materials and methods: MIHSII is an innovative technique in which sleeve gastrectomy is performed laparoscopically, followed by extracorporeal ileal interposition performed through a 5-cm midline incision. The procedure was performed on 31 T2DM patients, 17 males and 14 females. Their BMI values ranged from 21.8 kg/m(2) to 29.8 kg/m(2), with a mean BMI of 26.61 ± 2.61 kg/m(2). The average duration of diabetes 8.14 ± 4.89 (range = 1-20) years. Most of the patients exhibited poorly controlled diabetes despite the use of oral hypoglycemic agents (OHAs) and/or insulin.

Results: The mean preoperative glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) for the population was 8.86%. The mean HbA1c 1 year after surgery was 6.80%. The difference between the mean preoperative and 1-year postoperative HbA1c values was significant, at P < .05 (group 1: BMI = 18.5-24.99 kg/m(2), t = 2.83, and P = .022; group 2: BMI = 25-29.99 kg/m(2), t = 4.23, and P = .001). The resolution rate of diabetes was 80.48%; 48.57% experienced complete resolution, and 31.91% experienced partial resolution. The remaining 19.52% of patients exhibited a significant reduction in HbA1c, although the HbA1c levels did not fall below 6.5%, even with medications.

Conclusion: MIHSII is an innovative technique of metabolic surgery and is a cost-effective and minimal procedure for the resolution of T2DM in patients with BMI <30 kg/m(2).

Keywords: gastric surgery; image-guided surgery; surgical education.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / surgery*
  • Female
  • Gastrectomy / adverse effects
  • Gastrectomy / statistics & numerical data*
  • Glycated Hemoglobin / analysis
  • Humans
  • Ileum / surgery*
  • Laparoscopy / adverse effects
  • Laparoscopy / statistics & numerical data*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies

Substances

  • Glycated Hemoglobin A