Purpose: A first-in-human pilot safety and feasibility trial evaluating chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-engineered, autologous primary human CD8(+) cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) targeting IL13Rα2 for the treatment of recurrent glioblastoma (GBM).
Experimental design: Three patients with recurrent GBM were treated with IL13(E13Y)-zetakine CD8(+) CTL targeting IL13Rα2. Patients received up to 12 local infusions at a maximum dose of 10(8) CAR-engineered T cells via a catheter/reservoir system.
Results: We demonstrate the feasibility of manufacturing sufficient numbers of autologous CTL clones expressing an IL13(E13Y)-zetakine CAR for redirected HLA-independent IL13Rα2-specific effector function for a cohort of patients diagnosed with GBM. Intracranial delivery of the IL13-zetakine(+) CTL clones into the resection cavity of 3 patients with recurrent disease was well-tolerated, with manageable temporary brain inflammation. Following infusion of IL13-zetakine(+) CTLs, evidence for transient anti-glioma responses was observed in 2 of the patients. Analysis of tumor tissue from 1 patient before and after T-cell therapy suggested reduced overall IL13Rα2 expression within the tumor following treatment. MRI analysis of another patient indicated an increase in tumor necrotic volume at the site of IL13-zetakine(+) T-cell administration.
Conclusions: These findings provide promising first-in-human clinical experience for intracranial administration of IL13Rα2-specific CAR T cells for the treatment of GBM, establishing a foundation on which future refinements of adoptive CAR T-cell therapies can be applied.
©2015 American Association for Cancer Research.