Evolution of Endovascular Therapy in Acute Stroke: Implications of Device Development

J Stroke. 2015 May;17(2):127-37. doi: 10.5853/jos.2015.17.2.127. Epub 2015 May 29.


Intravenous thrombolysis is an effective treatment for acute ischaemic stroke. However, vascular recanalization rates remain poor especially in the setting of large artery occlusion. On the other hand, endovascular intra-arterial therapy addresses this issue with superior recanalization rates compared with intravenous thrombolysis. Although previous randomized controlled studies of intra-arterial therapy failed to demonstrate superiority, the failings may be attributed to a combination of inferior intra-arterial devices and suboptimal selection criteria. The recent results of several randomized controlled trials have demonstrated significantly improved outcomes, underpinning the advantage of newer intra-arterial devices and superior recanalization rates, leading to renewed interest in establishing intra-arterial therapy as the gold standard for acute ischaemic stroke. The aim of this review is to outline the history and development of different intra-arterial devices and future directions in research.

Keywords: Acute Ishemic Stroke; Clot Retrieval; Endovascular; Mechanical Thrombectomy; Stentriever.

Publication types

  • Review