A systematic guide for peer reviewers for a medical journal

J Med Pract Manage. 2015 Mar-Apr;30(6 Spec No):13-7.


Performing a peer review of an article under consideration for publication requires not only an understanding of the subject matter, but also a systematic approach that includes screening for conflicts of interest; determining whether the manuscript is within or outside the reviewer's area of expertise; properly classifying the manuscript; and writing a detailed, organized review. Although some journals may provide guidelines for the reviewers, the guidelines usually are not detailed and do not take into consideration the variability in reviewer experience. This article is meant to serve as a guideline for peer reviewers and provide concrete information on how to write a comprehensive, unbiased review that will serve both the author and the journal well.

Publication types

  • Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Biomedical Research
  • Conflict of Interest
  • Humans
  • Peer Review, Research / standards*
  • Periodicals as Topic*
  • Publishing*
  • Research Design
  • Review Literature as Topic
  • Writing / standards*