Maxillary sinus perforation by orthodontic anchor screws

J Oral Sci. 2015 Jun;57(2):95-100. doi: 10.2334/josnusd.57.95.


To facilitate safe placement of orthodontic anchor screws (miniscrews), we investigated the frequency of maxillary sinus perforation after screw placement and the effect of sinus perforation on screw stability. Maxillary sinus perforations involving 82 miniscrews (diameter, 1.6 mm; length, 8 mm) were evaluated using cone-beam computed tomography. All miniscrews were placed in maxillary alveolar bone between the second premolar and first molar for anchorage for anterior retraction in patients undergoing first premolar extraction. The placement torque and screw mobility of each implant were determined using a torque tester and a Periotest device, and variability in these values in relation to sinus perforation was evaluated. Eight of the 82 miniscrews perforated the maxillary sinus. There was no case of sinusitis in patients with miniscrew perforation and no significant difference in screw mobility or placement torque between perforating and non-perforating miniscrews. The sinus floor was significantly thinner in perforated cases than in non-perforated cases. A sinus floor thickness of 6.0 mm or more is recommended in order to avoid miniscrew perforation of the maxillary sinus.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bicuspid / surgery
  • Bone Screws
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Maxilla / surgery*
  • Maxillary Sinus / surgery*
  • Molar / surgery
  • Torque
  • Young Adult