Patterns of Recovery Following Sport-Related Concussion in Children and Adolescents

Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2016 May;55(5):452-8. doi: 10.1177/0009922815589915. Epub 2015 Jun 10.

Abstract

Time to symptom resolution, return to school, and return to play after a sport-related concussion in children and adolescents (8-17 years of age) was examined using a retrospective cohort design. A total of 198 patients aged 8 to 17 years were included, with a mean age of 13.5 years (SD = 2.2). Patients aged 8 to 12 years were symptom-free in a median of 12.0 (range 1-60) days whereas 13- to 17-year olds were symptom-free in a median of 14.0 (range 1-300) days (P = .04). Patients aged 8 to 12 years returned to learn in a median of 4.0 (range 0-30) days compared with 2.5 (range 0-55.0) days in 13- to 17-year-olds (P = .86). Patients aged 8 to 12 years returned to play in a median of 14.0 (range 4-75) days compared with a median of 19.5 (range 5-75) days in 13- to 17-year-olds (P = .06). These results indicate that children and adolescents generally take 2 to 4 weeks to recover from a sport-related concussion.

Keywords: adolescents; children; recovery; sport concussion; youth.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Age Factors
  • Athletic Injuries / therapy*
  • Brain Concussion / therapy*
  • Child
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Recovery of Function*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sports
  • Time Factors