Background: Doxorubicin and ifosfamide (AI) is standard therapy for high-risk soft tissue sarcoma (STS) but often causes severe toxicities resulting in hospitalisation. Gemcitabine and docetaxel (GD) has efficacy in metastatic STS and may be better tolerated. We conducted a study to compare toxicities and efficacies of these regimens.
Methods: This open-label, phase II, single institution trial randomised 80 patients with localised, resectable, high grade STS ⩾ 5 cm to either neo/adjuvant AI or GD. AI was doxorubicin (75 mg/m(2)) and ifosfamide (2.5 g/m(2)/d) on days 1-3 with mesna 500 mg/m(2)/dose. GD was gemcitabine 900 mg/m(2) on days 1, 8 and docetaxel 100mg/m(2) day 8. Both arms included filgrastim. The primary end-point was hospitalisation rate. Secondary end-points included disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS).
Results: Between November 2004 and August 2012, 80 evaluable patients were randomised, 37 to AI and 43 to GT. In the AI arm, 13/37 (35%) patients were hospitalised versus 11/43 (26%) in the GD arm (p=0.25). Hospitalisation rates were not significantly different after adjusting for age, gender, location, chemotherapy and number of cycles (p=0.17). The 2-year and median DFS in the AI arm were 57% and 37 months, respectively, and 74% and not yet reached, respectively, in the GD arm. The most common serious adverse events with AI were haematologic. Metabolic derangements and constitutional symptoms were most common with GD.
Conclusions: Hospitalisation rate was less with GD but not statistically significant. There was a trend towards longer DFS with GD, and the regimen was tolerable, suggesting GD merits further study.
Keywords: Docetaxel; Doxorubicin; Gemcitabine; Ifosfamide; Neo(adjuvant) chemotherapy; Soft tissue sarcoma.
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