Background: Immunologic response to a complete vaccine regimen of currently licensed alum-adjuvanted hepatitis B vaccines is reduced in several subpopulations, including older adults, men, obese persons, and smokers. Two phase 3 trials in healthy adults demonstrated that 2 doses over 1 month of an investigational hepatitis B vaccine (HBsAg-1018) induced superior seroprotection rates (SPRs) to 3 doses over 6 months of the licensed vaccine Engerix-B (HBsAg-Eng).
Methods: An exploratory analysis of immunogenicity was conducted in subpopulations from pooled data for the 2 phase 3 trials.
Results: In each subpopulation, the peak SPR in the HBsAg-1018 group was statistically significantly higher than the peak SPR in the HBsAg-Eng group. Peak HBsAg-1018 SPRs ranged from 91.6% to 99.7%, while peak HBsAg-Eng SPRs ranged from 67.7% to 92.9%.
Conclusion: In these exploratory analyses, 2 doses of HBsAg-1018 induced statistically significantly higher rates of seroprotection than 3 doses of HBsAg-Eng across all subpopulations.
Keywords: Age; BMI; Hepatitis B vaccine; Sex; Smokers; Toll-like receptor 9.
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